Stephen Edwin King was born September 21, 1947, in Portland, Maine. His parents, Donald and Nellie King divorced when Stephen was quite young, and he and his brother David split time between Indiana and Connecticut for many years after. Nellie, David, and Stephen eventually moved back to Maine, and King graduated from Lisbon Falls High School in 1966.
He attended college at the University of Maine at Orono where he wrote for the school paper and also met his future wife, Tabitha Spruce. It was in college that King published his first short story, The Glass Floor, in Startling Mystery Stories. He graduated in 1970 with a degree in English. The next year he and Tabitha married and King began to work as a teacher at Hampden Academy.
His first novel, Carrie, sold in 1973 and was published in 1974 to critical acclaim. The story of a bullied, telekinetic teen who wreaks havoc on her classmates was later adapted to the big screen starring Sissy Spacek, where it continues to be a considered a staple in the horror genre. The paperback sale of Carrie allowed King to quit teaching and begin writing full time.
Between 1977 and 1982, King would end up writing four novels under the pseudonym Richard Bachman: Rage, The Long Walk, Roadwork, and The Running Man. Many publishers held the viewpoint that the public would find more than one book per year, per author, unacceptable, so King convinced his publisher to publish his novels under a pen name.
A bookstore clerk eventually noted similarities between King and Bachman and found a publisher record that included a document naming King as the real author of the Bachman books. At the time, King was working on Misery and had planned to release it as a Bachman book before his pen name's true identity was discovered. He later used the experience as inspiration for The Dark Half, in which a writer's pseudonym comes to life. Later, King would also release Thinner, The Regulators and Blaze as Bachman books.
In 1999, King was walking near his Maine home when he was hit by a distracted driver. He suffered multiple injuries and spent a month in the hospital to recover. King revealed in a Tweet in June of 2019 that the doctors had even considered amputating his leg. While he did recover, King announced in 2002 that he was retiring from writing due to the accident leaving him with lingering, severe pain. Thankfully the retirement didn't stick, and King has continued to write.
King and Tabitha now spend their winters in Florida and the remainder of the year at their homes in Bangor and Center Lovell. He has three children, Naomi Rachel, Joe Hill, and Owen. King will release his next novels, The Institute and If It Bleeds in September of 2019, and 2020 respectively.